Investigation of the treatability of pre-coagulated slaughterhouse wastewater using dead-end filtration
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BACKGROUND In the present study, the performance of the membrane process, one of the advanced treatment methods that can enable the reuse of slaughterhouse wastewater, was evaluated. The wastewater was treated using ultrafiltration (UF) (10, 50 kDa), nanofiltration (NF) (150-300 DA) and reverse osmosis (RO) (500 kDa) membranes alone, and UF + NF, UF + RO membrane combinations at different pressures. In addition to rejection and permeate flux considerations, it was attempted to select the most effective membrane by performing scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared, contact angle, and atomic force microscopy analyses of the membranes used. RESULTS As a result of the experiments, the highest flux was observed at 5 bar for the 50 kDa UF membrane. When the performances of the sequential application of 10 and 50 kDa UF membranes followed by NF and RO membranes were evaluated, the highest flux was obtained for the sequential application of the 50 kDa UF membrane with the NF membrane as 19.68 and 9.05 L m(-2) h, respectively. CONCLUSION The highest chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal was obtained for the RO membrane at 20 bar as 88.67%, and for the 50 kDa UF + RO sequential application, the COD removal was increased from 70% to 88.67%. (c) 2021 Society of Chemical Industry (SCI).