The electronic properties of a core/shell/well/shell spherical quantum dot with and without a hydrogenic impurity
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In this study, we have performed a detailed investigation of the electronic properties of a core/shell/well/shell multi-layered spherical quantum dot, such as energy eigenvalues, wave functions, electron probability distribution and binding energies. The energy eigenvalues and their wave functions of the considered structure have been calculated for cases with and without an on-center impurity. For this purpose, the Schr¨odinger equation has been numerically solved by using the shooting method in the effective mass approximation for a finite confining potential. The electronic properties have been examined for different core radii, barrier thickness and well widths in a certain potential. The results have been analyzed in detail as a function of the layer thickness and their physical reasons have been interpreted. It has found that the electronic properties are strongly depending on the layer thickness.