Feedback controller designs for an electromagnetic micromanipulator
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Magnetic micromanipulators are capable of generating wide range of magnetic forces to manipulate magnetic microparticles for biomedical applications. In this study, a multipole magnetic micromanipulator system including electromagnets, driver circuitry and control unit is designed, modeled and implemented. The micromanipulator can produce a broad range of magnetic forces up to 25 pN on a single magnetic microparticle (1-10 mu m diameter) that is 5 mm away from the electromagnet core tip. Both linear and nonlinear controllers are designed and implemented, and the proposed nonlinear controller produces smooth control currents to assure closed-loop stability of the system with 1 s non-overshoot transient response and zero steady-state tracking error. The maximum output current of the driver circuitry is set to 1 A. The single particle at the center is moved at a speed of 5 mm/s. The fully automatic system can be utilized in applications related to single cell or microparticle manipulations.