In-silico Identification of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Molecular Mechanisms
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Representing approximately 70% to 80% of thyroid cancers, papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid cancers. PTC is seen in all age groups, but it is seen more frequently in women than in men. Detection of biomarker proteins of papillary thyroid cancinoma plays an important role in the diagnosis of the disease. In this study, we aim to find target genes and pathways that are associated with papillar thyroid carcinoma, by integrating different bioinformatics methods. For this purpose, usingin-silico methodologies, candidate genes and pathways that could explain disease development mechanisms are identified. Throughout this study, firstly we identified differentially expressed genes as the amount of their protein product differ between patient and healthy groups. Secondly, by using active subnetworks search algorithms, topologic analyses and functional enrichment tests, candidate proteins,which could be thought as PTC biomarkers, and affected pathways are identified.