Discrimination of Rest, Motor Imagery and Movement for Brain-Computer Interface Applications
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Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a system that provides a means to control prosthesis, wheelchair, or similar devices using brain waves without direct motor nervous system involvement. For this purpose, brain waves obtained from multiple electrodes placed on the scalp (EEG, Electroencephalogram) are used. Emotiv Epoc used to obtain EEG signals is a low-cost device and has real-time applications.. The aim of this study is the detection of rest, imagination and real movement using EEG signals obtained by Emotiv Epoc headset. As a result, As a result, the data obtained from 39 trials from a female subject were classified resting, motion imagination and movement, according to 97.4% accuracy by using the statistical features of distortion, logarithm energy entropy, energy, Shannon entropy and kurtosis.In this study, it has been shown that this system can be remarkably successful for BCI applications.