Experimental studies on the physico-mechanical properties of jet-grout columns in sandy and silty soils
AuthorAkin, Muge K.
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The term of ground improvement states to the modification of the engineering properties of soils. Jet grouting is one of the grouting methods among various ground improvement techniques. During jet grouting, different textures of columns can be obtained depending on the characteristics of surrounding subsoil as well as the adopted jet-grouting system for each site is variable. In addition to textural properties, strength and index parameters of jet-grout columns are highly affected by the adjacent soil. In this study, the physical and mechanical properties of jet-grout columns constructed at two different sites in silty and sandy soil conditions were determined by laboratory tests. A number of statistical relationships between physical and mechanical properties of soilcrete were established in this study in order to investigate the dependency of numerous variables. The relationship between q(u) and gamma(d) is more reliable for sandy soilcrete than that of silty columns considering the determination coefficients. Positive linear relationships between Vp and gamma(d) with significantly high determination coefficients were obtained for the jet-grout columns in silt and sand. The regression analyses indicate that the P-wave velocity is a very dominant parameter for the estimation of physical and mechanical properties of jet-grout columns and should be involved during the quality control of soilcrete material despite the intensive use of uniaxial compressive strength test. Besides, it is concluded that the dry unit weight of jet-grout column is a good indicator of the efficiency of employed operational parameters during jet-grouting. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.