Analysis of Battery-Powered Sensor Node Lifetime for Smart Grid Applications
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Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) enable smart grids where sensor nodes monitor and control the important parameters of power grid components. However, energy-aware communication protocols should be developed to extend network lifetime of WSNs in smart grid environments. In this study, the lifetime of wireless sensor nodes has been analyzed for various smart grid environments, such as 500 kV substation, main power control room, and underground network transformer vaults. In addition, the effects of different operation modes of sensor nodes on node lifetime have been reviewed.