Elastic modulus prediction for fiber-reinforced concretes
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In this study, the effects of different discrete fiber types on the elastic modulus of concrete are investigated. For this purpose, 260 cylindrical pressure test specimens are compiled. The fiber types considered are steel, PVA, polypropylene, polyolefin, basalt and olefin. The results of the study are showed that if the ratio of coarse aggregate to fine aggregate exceeds 1.5 for all fiber types, the compressive strength of concrete decreases. It has been observed that the elastic modulus increases in cases where the fiber aspect ratio of the steel fibers is less than and equal to 60, while the elastic modulus decreases for values greater than 60. An elastic modulus equation, which applies to all fiber types considered, is proposed. The proposed equation is compared with the experimental results and the other formulas in the literature and the validity of the equations for different cases are questioned.