Conceptual Research of Movement in Kinetic Architecture
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In this study, the place of movement concept in architectural design is investigated; the possibilities provided to the user by evaluating the varying potentials in architectural design have been discussed as a hypothesis. In this direction, movement concept in kinetic structures applied from the 20th century to today are examined. The paper depends on a qualitative methodology, which is a non-numerical method that depends on constructed cases in order to support research hypothesis. Relations, differences and conceptual partnerships between cases have been revealed by investigating the application points of movement and user participation in the design of these structures that is fast-spreading particularly. From the studied examples, it is determined that the surface movement is preferred, when the movement point is taken into consideration the facades are primarily used, and the most common movement type is the sliding movement. Afterwards, it has been revealed that the different physical properties of the movement and the possibilities that are provided change independently of each other. Even in many cases the movement is preferred due to multiple purposes. The most common purpose is adapting to environmental conditions. As a result, this study, which aims to strengthen the perception of architects, will set an example for the development of kinetic architecture.